Even after military conflict broke out in April 1775, a majority of the Continental Congress did not favor independence until February 1776, and it was a slim majority. As he gained power he continued the reforms to the government and law that the Rvolution had started -promoted appointment based on merit meritocracy and yet ruled the Council of the State like a dictator. The broad similarities but different experiences between the French and American revolutions lead to a certain kinship between France and the United States, with both countries seeing themselves as pioneers of liberty and promoting republican ideals. The offices were often hereditary. Long-standing Ottoman friendship with France ended. Daniel Klein, Thanks for your full, nuanced reply.
Of course, I lined it up because of the coming July 4th holiday. Many settled in neighboring countries chiefly Great Britain, Germany, Austria, and Prussia , and quite a few went to the United States. They also did good things for the poor. On October 5th 1789, 7000 starving people marched on the court at Versailles to ask the King for some bread. The 'Law of the Lamppost' was used during this time. The financial crisis had become a political crisis as well, and the French Revolution loomed just beyond the horizon.
Pros and Cons of The French Revolution Original Goals Inspired by the American Revolution and the Enlightened theorist; the French wanted: To dispose of the monarchy Gain rights and freedoms Democratic government with fair representation A constitution After the Revolution However. They promised bread to the starving and had ideas of creating a country where you could achieve high status, which disregarded your parentage. The interference with localism and traditional liberties was deeply resented, although some modernizing reforms took place. One of the most important similarities between both the American Revolution and French Revolutions was that there was a growing dissent among the people aimed at the and its associated elite and aristocrats. Thus, the church in France was split between the nonjurors refractory priests and the jurors constitutional priests. However, there was also a conservative counter-reaction that defeated Napoleon, reinstalled the Bourbon kings, and in some ways reversed the new reforms.
The majority of the British establishment were strongly opposed to the revolution. The activities of the revolutions sparked change across the world. A full out revolution tookplace in the streets. The French Revolution caused some very positive ramification to the society in France and other parts of Europe. Thompson says that the kings had: ruled by virtue of their personal wealth, their patronage of the nobility, their disposal of ecclesiastical offices, their provincial governors intendants , their control over the judges and magistrates, and their command of the Army. Further, people from less-privileged walks of life were blocked from acquiring even petty positions of power in the regime. The deification of one's state.
Over a ten year period, largescale social and political changes started to occur. The economic integration of the Rhineland with France increased prosperity, especially in industrial production, while business accelerated with the new efficiency and lowered trade barriers. France took direct control of the Rhineland 1794—1814 and radically and permanently liberalized the government, society and economy. It had long been a symbol of political oppression, for this was where people were sent if they opposed the Ancien Regime. This gave the Bourgeoisie a revolutionary force to use as a militia and police organisation that was designed to settle the rioting of the popular masses. They were the enlightened, educated ones and the action takers.
In the short-term, France lost thousands of her countrymen in the form of , or emigrants who wished to escape political tensions and save their lives. It was not fair because the richer the people were, the less taxes they had to pay. The Bourgeoisie were the ones who controlled the King and were in power. American political debate over the nature of the French Revolution exacerbated pre-existing political divisions and resulted in the alignment of the political elite along pro-French and pro-British lines. There were about 100,000 of these people.
Everywhere old physical, economic, and intellectual barriers had been thrown down and the Italians had begun to be aware of a common nationality. They were both reactions against an oppressive monarchy that taxed heavily and attempted to control its subject and they both reacted in part because of Enlightenment ideals. Although passed by the Assembly with a large majority on July 12, 1790, and formally sanctioned by King on August 24, the Civil Constitution soon provoked much opposition. When the king was assassinated in 1792 his brother became regent, but real power was with , who bitterly opposed the French Revolution and all its supporters. After the first year of revolution, this power had been stripped away. The Journal of Modern History 72.
The poorer sections of society and women would have been disappointed with the outcome of the revolution as the promise of equality was not fulfilled in full measure at the end of the revolution. Although there were certainly royalists among the rebellious French, their interests in crushing the revolt were equally self-centered. The Rich Nobles were 2 percent of the population, and paid 0 percent of income to the government. Global Ramifications of the French Revolution 2002 , pp 158—76. There was a huge need amongst the Third Estate, who represented the 'people' of France for tax reform. Further: It seems to me that the war waged by the South in the 1860s was every bit as much a revolution as the war waged by the colonists. They needed the revenue that the Third Estate provided and yet the King was eager to have the Second Estate as his allies and did not want to displease them.