Was there any need of Pakistan at all? Gandhi had made a point of this in their cordial but unsuccessful discussions in 1944. Not only India wants this but has the complete support by Israel and United States of America. A formidable share, I just given this onto a colleague who was doing a little evaluation on this. Most of the people argue with me after listening my views about nationalism that ideology of Pakistan is also based on the nationalism-the two nation theory and you always speaks about Pakistani nationalism, yes it is right, partially. The conduct of Congress governments in the Muslim-minority provinces permanently alienated the Muslim League. It should be remembered that in 1906 Mr. Hundered million of Muslims cannot be catagorized as a minority.
Had there been no Two Nation Theory today, the issues like Kargil, nuclear arms race, and tension on the borders would have never risen. He struggled for Hindu Muslim unity due to which the joint session of Indian National Congress and Muslim League, famously known as Lucknow pact, was conducted at Lucknow in 1916. He made the Muslims realize that they are separate nation. But, now I have started to believe that separate national identity for the Muslims and the Hindus is necessary for their survival. But a nationality is a political, cultural, spiritual and unified community of a people. If the ideology of such a state like Pakistan is dead then its existence can be questioned. He forgot to mention that he is Pakistani too J.
The reasons have always been non-religious. C is called the hypotineus. Because he wore English dress and speaks English rather than Urdu and had no beard. Yet they are considered by the Hindus even less important than the Jains and Buddhists who are only 0. On this basis they consider it their fundamental right to be entitled to self-determination.
Even after the formation of Pakistan, debates on whether Muslims and Hindus are distinct nationalities or not continued in that country as well. His educational drive, the Ali-Garh movement, proved to be the best means of social mobility for the Muslim gentry under colonial rule. This theory supported the proposal that Muslims and Non-Muslims should be two separate nations. This was one of the outstanding motivations that paved the way to declare the separate identity of nationalism, the Muslim nationalism. . The British won over the Muslim rulers due to the industrial and scientific developments and modern war strategy. It means the land of the Paks, the spiritually pure and clean.
Know for using all the powers enumerated to them by the Constitution. We can define nation as a people who have some common attributes of race, language, religion or culture and united and organized by the state and by common sentiments and aspiration. That Hindus and Muslims had looked at each other antagonistically was not invented by Jinnah. Initially, they demanded safeguards, constitutional guarantees and a federal system of government with powers to the provinces for protection and advancement of their heritage, identity and interests. It tells the story of a secret religio-political society of Hindus plotting the overthrow of the Muslim power in Bengal in the 18th century. In his presidential address to the Muslim League session at Allahabad in 1930, the leading modern Muslim philosopher in South Asia, Sir Muhammad Iqbal 1876-1938 , described India as Asia in miniature, in which a unitary form of government was inconceivable and religious community rather than territory was the basis for identification.
Congress gained majorities in seven of the eleven provinces. Equality and social justice inspired conversions to Islam. When you say that Pakistan should be based on pure foundations of social justice and Islamic Socialism; not other isms. According to Jinnah, The concept of two nation theory originated the day, the first Hindu converted to Muslim. Just before partition, Jinnah had endorsed the idea of a united, independent and secular Bengal.
To him, communalism in its highest sense was the key to the formation of a harmonious whole in India. I would like to see the Punjab , North West Frontier Province , Sindh and Balochistan amalgamated into a single state. He set about restoring a sense of purpose to Muslims, and he emphasized the Two Nations Theory. India is not a country but a Sub-continent composed of nationalities, the two major nations being Hindus and the Muslims whose culture and civilizations, language and literature, art and architecture, names and nomenclature, sense of value and proportion, laws and jurisprudence, social moral codes, customs and calendar, history and traditions, aptitudes and ambitions, outlook on life and of life are fundamentally different. Jinnah should have fought harder?! In this speech, he stated that Hindus and Muslims belong to two different religious philosophies, with different social customs and literature.
People said it is conspiracy theory. Congress leaders tried to challenge the two-nation theory by pointing out that a large number of Muslims in India were descendants of Hindu forebears who had converted to Islam. Islam is a living and dynamic ideology that can. To yoke together two such nations under a single state, one as a numerical minority and the other as a majority, must lead to growing discontent and final destruction of any fabric that may be so built for the government of such a state. They treated like Hindu Dalits. It is quite clear that Hindus and Mussalmans derive their inspiration from different sources of history.