Her perfectly reasonable thesis, which she characterizes as radical, is that Indian attacks on the northern frontier created a climate of panic at a time when Massachusetts had lost its charter and was being ruled by a shaky interim government. This is a comprehensive look at the Salem Witch trials of 1692 that has been meticulously researched and footnoted by an historian who specializes in colonial America. I did it not out of any anger, malice, or ill will. The same thing is happening in modern day America… 1463 Words 6 Pages Among these issues, is the hysteria of the Salem Witch Trials that prosecuted women to be found worshippers of the devil. The Puritans lived on the cusp of the Enlightenment.
But the attempt had failed and 19 of their supporters got accused of witchcraft. Until this point, all the proceedings were investigative, but on May 27, 1692, William Phips ordered the establishment of a Special Court of Oyer and Terminer for Suffolk, Essex and Middlesex counties to prosecute the cases of those in jail. This fear of punishment established a fertile atmosphere in which a case of possible witchcraft, let alone three, could easily be interpreted by the Puritans as the cause of God's wrath. All three women were prime candidates for the accusations of witchcraft. Due to this action by the two men, other historians argue that Giles Corey was not acting on behalf of his heirs by refusing to stand trial. Five days later, respected minister Cotton Mather wrote a letter imploring the court not to allow spectral evidence—testimony about dreams and visions.
Although it is a simple question, it does not have an easy answer. Political context Governor Sir 1651—1695 New England had been settled by religious refugees seeking to build a pure, Bible-based society. Overall, the Puritan belief and prevailing New England culture was that women were inherently sinful and more susceptible to damnation than men were. With such opinions, it was not long before he and his wife, Elizabeth--whose grandmother, Ann B. Cambridge University Press: New York. Some think that witchcraft was very much alive in Salem although others believe that the first girls who were accusing the witches were crazy and making up stories.
The aftermath of the Salem witch trials was severe. Within a week, Martha's husband and a covenanted church member in Salem Town , , , a servant in the Proctor household and sometime accuser , and stepmother of Abigail Hobbs were arrested and examined. The historians agree that the Witch Trials were a result of mass hysteria but there are several theories about its causes. But by my own innocency I know you are in the wrong way. The author is one of the foremost writers on this time period and subject and while she takes a truly interesting look at the outside influences playing into the paranoia of Salem and environs, her over-reliance on written testimony of the time made the book hard to get through. The troops, however, proved a mixed blessing to local residents and stimulated great controversy, especially in Black Point.
Sarah Osborne was an elderly lady who had not gone to church in over a year, and poor church attendance was a Puritan sin. So in 1689, a congregation was formed under the Rev. With detailed primary source research, Norton shows how almost all of the accused and accusers had ties to the Indian war which didn't go well and had a number of atrocities in the North. It was a very strange and unfortunate event. Rather, he chose this fate to serve as a protest against the witch trials and the methods of the court.
This is not the normal analysis you hear about the Salem Witch Trials, but it definitely should be high on the list. The significance is that about 20 years later the government apologizes because there was never enough evidence to convict anyone and compensates the families of those convicted. A bizarre form of counter-magic, the witch cake was a supernatural dessert used to identify suspected evildoers. Legal procedures Overview After someone concluded that a loss, illness or death had been caused by witchcraft, the accuser entered a complaint against the alleged witch with the local magistrates. But due to the strong belief in the occult, the villagers were inclined to the most improbable explanations.
Secondly, very few Native Americans were singled-out for accusation. Listed below are 5 possible reasons for one of the most tragic events in American history. On October 17, 1711, the General Court passed a bill reversing the judgment against the twenty-two people listed in the 1709 petition there were seven additional people who had been convicted but had not signed the petition, but there was no reversal of attainder for them. Even with the witch trials over, many were still in jail because they could not pay for their release. This threat temporarily cured her afflictions. If such upstanding people could be witches, the townspeople thought, then anybody could be a witch, and church membership was no protection from accusation. That being said, I would definitely recommend this book.
In literature, media and popular culture Main article: The story of the witchcraft accusations, trials and executions has captured the imagination of writers and artists in the centuries since the event took place. This was 13 years after the devastating with the and other indigenous tribes in southern and western New England. In addition, the harsh realities of life in the rural Puritan community of Salem Village present-day Danvers, at the time included the after-effects of a British war with France in the American colonies in 1689, a recent smallpox epidemic, fears of attacks from neighboring Native American tribes and a longstanding rivalry with the more affluent community of Salem Town present-day Salem. These tales about sexual encounters with demons, swaying the minds of men, and fortune-telling were said to stimulate the imaginations of girls and made Tituba an obvious target of accusations. In the 20th century, artists and scientists alike continued to be fascinated by the Salem witch trials. The reliance of prosecutors on the testimony of marginalized people, however, eventually undermined official confidence in the accusers and helped bring the trials to an end. They used the white of an egg and a mirror to create a primitive crystal ball to divine the professions of their future spouses and scared one another when one supposedly saw the shape of a coffin instead.