India is a leader in wind generation and number one in terms of solar energy production per watt installed. Renewable sources of energy include solar, wind, water, geothermal, ocean, hydrogen, biomass and solid waste. Biofuel producing ethanol petroleum from plants We hope that all the conventional sources will become rare, endangered and extinct, as they produce lots of carbon dioxide that adds to the greenhouse effect in the atmosphere uranium leaves different dangerous byproducts. It is a vital source of electric current and its share in total capacity of the nation in 2004-05 was 70 percent. In 2005-06, annual production of coal was 343 million tonnes.
If preventive steps are not taken, the existing petroleum will be available maximum up to 40 years. They are in Puga, Chhumuthang, Manikaran and Bakreshwar. Non-Conve ntional Sources of Energy: Besides conventional sources of energy there are non-conventional sources of energy. Fossil fuels pollute the environment. It's stable in the tank and the gas tan … k holds quite a bit, and a gasoline powered car is cheap to manufacture.
Geothermal Energy advantages- clean Eco friendly and always available disadvantages- located far away from cities and so costly to transport the electricity In nuclear fusion, isotopes of hydrogen are fused to give energy and helium, the helium has no further use. It is envisaged at known deposits of petroleum in our country will get exhausted by the few decades and coal reserves are expected to last for another hundred years. It must, therefore, meet its development needs by using all available domestic resources of coal, uranium, oil, hydro and other renewable resources, and supplementing domestic production by imports. Harnessing the Wind Wind power is an inexpensive option for collection alternative electric power. India still imports 70% of has oil requirements from abroad. These sources of energy are also known as and are available in limited quantity apart from hydro-electric power.
Not Every Non-Conventional Energy Source Is Commercially Viable Geothermal and ocean energy sources require specific locations close to a geothermal or ocean energy source. Hydro-electric power dams in rivers. In India, Uranium deposits are found at different parts of Rajasthan and Singhbum of Jharkhand. High temperature gas cooled reactors using helium coolant have been proposed but there is no commercial one in service. Natural gas has also been produced in the Earth's curst by the similar process as petroleum and this is also a combustible fuel.
It doesn't give off atmospheric pollutants. Low Efficiency Levels Initial setup costs are steep for unconventional energy sources. Oil and Natural Gas: Like coal, petroleum is also derived from plants and also from dead animals that lived in remote past. Bio-mass based energy: The organic matters originated from living organisms plants and animals like wood, cattle dung, sewage, agricultural wastes etc. Out of the 6000 billion tons coal stocks under earth crust, 200 tons have been exploited the present society. Some new all-metal multi-bladed windmill designs have been developed; like the traditional multi-bladed windmills, they have a good starting torque, but lighter in weight, are simpler to fabricate and have slightly better efficiencies. Further bio gas is non polluting as it does not produce smoke neither it leaves any ash.
Energy generated by using wind, tides, solar, geothermal heat, and biomass including farm and animal waste as well as human excreta is known as non-conventional energy. These are also called renewable sources of energy. Dendrothermal energy Energy plantation : Due to rapid deforestation and overgrazing, a number of denuded wastelands are formed. Tidal Energy advantages- non-polluting; inexhaustible disadvantages- destroys wildlife habitat; difficult to harness 4. Now a days, efforts are being made to use this energy for generating power and creating refrigeration etc. The maximum power that can be extracted from a wind turbine is 59.
In Puri, wind farms are set up which can generate 550 kW of electricity. Location-Specificity Means Lower Chances of Universality Non-conventional energy sources that are location-specific have limited accessibility. The country is not affluent in thermal energy resource. Similarly petrol and petroleum products are at present the only source of energy to be used for cars and other vehicles and aviation sector too. The electricity is then stored or used to power machinery, lighting, and even homes. The states of Jharkhand, Odisha, Chhattisgarh, West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh account for more than 99% of the total coal reserves in the country.
Oil is mostly used in planes, automobiles, trains and ships. Wind energy: Wind is air in motion. Cause no or very little pollution 3. Thus this kinetic energy is converted into electrical energy is known as hydro-electricity. Last Updated on 09 September 2011.