Rather, the family provides some of the ideological cement that holds the system together. It is stated therein that men approached Brahma the Creator to provide them a king and accordingly after all the Gods spared a portion of their power, a being in the human form emerged and was made the king. It is dangerous to employ such a principle in the internal existence of the state. It is to be looked upon with reverence. Criticism of the Theory: The matriarchal theory is attacked on the following grounds: First, the state was created by several factors, of which the family was one. The authority of the father over the children is only temporary, because his authority ends when the children grow in age. Permanent marriages were not found among the primitive people.
It is theoretical acceptance of these countries being somehow better than Western capitalism that leads to acceptance of theories of patriarchy: if women are manifestly unequal there, this must be the fault of men, rather than of the economic system. It is too much to believe that the state is created and maintained by sheer force and the spiritual and moral values have absolutely no place in life. Feminists assert that although women may excel in certain areas and men in others, women are just as competent as men. Although political power in unitary states may be delegated through devolution to local government by statute, the central government remains supreme; it may abrogate the acts of devolved governments or curtail their powers. The King derives his authority from God and for all his actions he is responsible to God alone.
In Mellars, Paul; Gibson, Kathleen Rita. The chief exponent of the patriarchal theory is Sir Henry Maine. This is in broad analysis of the Marxist views as culled from the writings and opinions of Engels, Lenin and Gramsci. In early human history, life was short therefore to balance the high death rate and maintain the population, women had to give birth to many children. It can do so by switching responsibility for childcare from the individual to society as a whole. It happens through war, where the strong dominated the weak.
See also: Gossberg, Michael 1985. The Wiley Blackwell Encyclopedia of Gender and Sexuality Studies. In some religions this conception is explicit, but in others it is implicit. One totem group men were to marry all the women of another totem group. The states are permanent and no state withered away for want of a class to back it. Patriarchy is associated with a set of ideas, a patriarchal that acts to explain and justify this dominance and attributes it to inherent natural differences between men and women. For example, Greekmythology and some religions of the Ancient Near East refer tochaos, the formless or void state of primordial matter precedingthe creation of the universe or cosmos in creation myths.
First there are those who see patriarchy purely in ideological terms. The primitive religion evolved from animism to ancestor-worship. Are men the exploiters of women? The horse provided rapid means of movement, the cow provided milk and the sheep wool. The gendering of art education: modernism, identity, and critical feminism. The fifth line of argument is that the divine theory is unscientific.
According to Meclennan, Morgan and Edward Jenks who are staunch supporters of the theory, the matriarchal family and polyandry were the basis of the state. Defining women: Social institutions and gender divisions. As regards … our own theory of the origin of the Universe, mentioning only scientific theories, there is the big bang theory which is all but undisputed. . What was that General Will? The nature-made laws were replaced by man-made laws.
The government, in its turn, promised to execute its trust faithfully. In early capitalism, before the predominance of the factory system, the outworking system meant that both sexes could act as joint producers. The Big Crunch happens the Universe eventually collapses into a single point. When one tribe attacked the other, the captives were no longer killed and perhaps eaten. All relations of kinship and descent came to be traced through the father alone. Divine Origin Theory : This theory of origin of kingship as well as the state was not widely acclaimed in the ancient Indian polity. Lastly, the theory of force is supported by the German philosophers like Friedrich Hegel, Immanuel Kant, John Bernhardi and Triestchki.
The Origin Of The State Political thinkers have attempted to explain the origin of the state in various ways. Its creators and adherents were convinced that power and the state exist by virtue of divine will. He invented slavery as a substitute for cannibalism. Among the many theories which are concerned with the origin of the state the following are explained in this chapter. This gave the presumption that God had created the political unit by choosing his partners in an eternal covenant. They were not created with the communist party. The theory believes that the healthy functioning of the whole organism depends upon the healthy conditions of each part of the body or organism and its efficient functioning.