At the heart of that movement were two people, a young genius named Alexander Graham Bell whose life passion was teaching the deaf to speak, and a younger woman named Mabel Hubbard Bell 1857-1923 whose brush with scarlet fever at the age of five destroyed her hearing. When two of his brothers died of tuberculosis and doctors said that Graham was at risk for the same disease, the elder Bell moved the family to Brantford, Ontario, Canada. Holmes in Boston, was a burglar alarm connecting five banks; and in July the first organization to make the telephone a commercial venture, the Bell Telephone Company, was formed. In witness whereof—hear my voice. At the same time, he was working on a machine that could transmit multiple telegraphs simultaneously. Eliza is pictured years later on an enormous velocipede, a chariot-like bicycle that Alexander and his two brothers pedaled around the streets of Edinburgh.
New York, New York: The Historical Company. In spite of suffering little pain, Alec grew weaker each succeeding day. Later she opened a school in Washington, D. That venture was the Aerial Experiment Association, which Mabel Bell headed and financed. Hubbard, Massachusetts lawmakers were convinced to charter such a school: the Clarke Institute for Deaf Mutes or as it was called later the Clarke School for the Deaf. Alexander Graham Bell, after a somewhat diffuse beginning, had dedicated his life, as had his father and grandfather before him, to the science of elocution, and particularly to developing a system of visible speech that might help both the deaf and those with speech impediments better form their words and read lips. The induction balance electric probe located metal in the body.
That association gave Bell and his young engineer friends the resources they needed to start developing planes powered by motorcycle engines. Her father also hired Miss Mary True who tutored Mabel on speech skills from age 8 to 11. Bell's work for deaf people in addition to his work on the telephone. The main school building at the Clarke School for the Deaf, Hubbard Hall, is named after him in his honor. He became a professor of Vocal Physiology and Elocution at Boston University in 1873, took on private students, and rapidly acquired a reputation. Library of Congress, Manuscript Div. It was the culmination of intense and varied interest by three generations of Bells in projection of the human voice.
These illustrated the kind of learning he relished: hands-on discovery. Bell and others organized The American Telephone and Telegraph Company in 1885 to operate other long-distance lines. Bell: Alexander Graham Bell and The Conquest of Solitude. When he disclosed his interest, Mabel was flattered, but not romantically interested in him. Eliza Bell was especially attuned to her three sons, Meville, Edward and Alexander, whom she taught at home until they were about ten, allowing them to roam and get into trouble. I fear this history has painted Mr.
With sweeping views of the Bras d'Or Lake, Beinn Bhreagh Hall was built as a summer home where the family would spend most of their years between 1893 and 1923. Graham's health improved, and he soon traveled to Boston where he started a school for teachers of the deaf. Independently wealthy, she had been further enriched at the time of her marriage when Bell turned over to her all but ten shares in the Bell Telephone Company. It takes an effort of will and imagination to summon and feel the texture of that age when the disease spelled death for the unlucky, and lifelong deafness for the fortunate. The townspeople of Baddeck showed their respect and admiration for Mabel by passing an ordinance giving her the right to vote in municipal elections.
That year, while on his honeymoon, Bell introduced the telephone to England and France. He served as a trustee of from 1883 until his death. He then studied law at , and was admitted to the in 1843. To go farther, however, they needed a guiding hand and starting capital. . You are the mistress of my heart and sharer of my thoughts.
With his eyesight failing, he also needed assistance. Mabel Bell knew which experimental horses to back, when, and how, and that insight put planes in the sky and telephone lines across the nation and even though she did not invent anything in the classical sense, our world is very much the one she foresaw. Through the efforts of Mr. She became keenly involved in the local community at Baddeck as an inspiring and tireless advocate for women's and children's education and rights. His wife, Elizabeth Baird, who was seven years older, had an affair with an instructor at the Dundee Academy. Mabel died in Maryland at the age of sixty-five, a mere six months after Alec passed.
It was her independent spirit that would attract Dr. In a noisy room, he often pounded the table to get her attention! Hubbard and Chester Bell approached Edison about combining their interests, but Edison refused, resulting in the Volta Laboratory Association merging the shares of their Volta Graphophone Company with the company that later evolved into in 1886. He also taught at the Clarke School for the Deaf in Northampton, Massachusetts. He liked silence and was an ardent lover of nature. Alec included Mabel in all social situations.
In London Bell studied physician and physicist Hermann Ludwig von Helmholtz's experiments with tuning forks and magnets to produce complex sounds, as well as made scientific studies of the resonance or vibrations of the mouth while speaking. Inventing the Telephone From 1873 to 1876, Bell spent his days teaching hearing-impaired children and his evenings experimenting with sound. Bell, who became portly over the years and had a full, white, patriarchal beard, liked solitude and preferred to work at night, until about 4 a. He first emphasized the singular strength of the tetrahedral for kites, and his research is reflected today in the construction of the Space Station. Today, the is given for distinction in exploration, discovery, and research. That was fun, too — a great eye-opener for me as to what real money can do. Site of Canada, Bell Museum Baddeck, N.
A few months later he was diagnosed with pernicious anemia, a fatal blood disease. His funeral was held at the Church of the Covenant in Washington, where he was president of the board of trustees. The Bells brought new ideas and legitimized them by their personal involvement. He and his father sought to encode the visible and mechanical features of different sounds in a way not dissimilar from the phonic experiments of Henry Higgins and Professor Pickering in My Fair Lady. You are the mainspring of my life, and though when it is gone the other wheels go on by themselves for a time, it is very languidly and more slowly, and I want you back to give me an interest in life. In addition to all the above accomplishments, Mabel Hubbard Bell was a beloved wife, mother and grandmother.