Rippon introduced local self governments in India. It is now in Turkmenistan. The Act banned the appointment of children below the age of seven in factories. The Commission came to be known as the Hunter Commission. Ripon's administration was particularly marked by the most controversial Ilbert Bill issue.
The members of the Board as far as possible were to be non-officials and the number of officials could not exceed one-third of the total strength of the members of the Board. His scheme of local self government developed the Municipal institutions which had been growing up in the country ever since India was occupied by the British Crown. The aim of Ripon was to give popular education to the people of India. Repeal of Vernacular Press Act: The vernacular press Act passed by Lord Lytton had imposed restrictions upon the newspapers published in Indian languages. The bill was introduced in 1883 by Viceroy Ripon, who actually desired to abolish the racial prejudice from the Indian Penal Code.
He was also Chancellor of the from 1904 until his death in 1909. He repealed the controversial Vernacular Press Act, 1878 passed by Lytton in 1882. It was a meeting organised by leaders of different political parties to discuss the united front in India. He was the grandson of , fourth son of the first Baronet. The Commission suggested two channels for the secondary education-one was literary education leading up to the Entrance Examination of the university and the other preparing the students for a vocational career. This structure improved status of states as they got the power of imposing taxes on the people. Lord Ripon, a radical liberal among the liberals, set his reform programme in motion immediately after he assumed power 8 June 1880.
He was educated privately, attending neither school nor college. This article was transcribed for New Advent by Joseph E. Lady de Grey was the childless widow of Alexander Hume-Campbell, Lord Polwarth, son of. The work of management of such institutions was to be given to Indians if there were reasonable prospects of keeping up to the efficiency. So, the next Viceroy came to apply ointment on the wounds given by. In the next coming post, we shall read about more reforms of Lord Ripon and the very famous Ilbert Bill Controversy.
So it was withdrawn but was reintroduced and enacted in 1884 in a severely compromised state. Against the rack-renting and , the Bengal were agitating for long. So, along with this irrespective of their personal differences, all the European nations united and stood up against the Ilbert Bill. As a result of which Indian press enjoyed freedom of expression. Lord Ripon 1880-84 : Lord Ripon was appointed as viceroy of India in 1880.
While extending Local Self-Government Lord Ripon stressed its education value also. When the again returned to power he took office as lord privy seal. But it led to lot of criticism. The system of Divided Heads begun by Ripon remained till it was modified by the Reforms of 1919. So, this became the cause for happiness for common people in India. This was not enacted by any act; it was a resolution that was passed in 1882.
Lord Ripon understood this cause and in this scenario, Mr C. During the period the secondary education attained a high level of progress and the number of schools rose from 3,916 in the year, 1882 to 5,124 in 1902. The resolution stressed the principle of election. It was Ripon who laid the foundations of the system which functions today. Special steps were taken to encourage education among the Muslims. Special financial assistance to the institutions could be made for the construction of building, furniture, library and scientific apparatus. Civil Service Recruitment: Before the time of Lord Ripon Civil Service competitions were held in England and the upper age limit for candidates was 18 years.
The division of expenditure of these heads generally followed the incidence of the corresponding heads of receipts. In its obituary The Times described him as 'a second rank man of high ideals'. The Commission recommends that: I. Robinson was between 1823 and 1827 and served briefly between August 1827 and January 1828. First Factory Act 1881 Lord Ripon introduced the Factory Act of 1881 to improve the service condition of the factory workers in India. He introduced a number of reforms for the welfare of people of India. This gave right and enthusiasm to all the vernacular press.
The commission recommended the withdrawal of institutions of higher education. Thus the Indian faced great difficulties in appearing at the civil service completetions. He was considered as father of local self Government in India. Sir William represented both and York in Parliament. The said resolution directed the provincial Government to transfer considerable revenue to local bodies that were to deal with matters of local importance. He was also instrumental in supporting to reorganize the and expand in India. Extension of primary education in backward districts especially the areas inhabited by aboriginal races.