Then point out the Glossary at the end of the novel and ask students to locate the definitions. Try to think outside the box. Pride, as well as literary devices such as foreshadowing and symbolism, are the main aspects in Things Fall Apart. The Struggle Between Change and Tradition As a story about a culture on the verge of change, Things Fall Apart deals with how the prospect and reality of change affect various characters. The tribal unity has been shattered. He does a noble act of kindness for the village by killing himself.
This helps you understand how he is no longer a mewling infant but a sluggish boy. Things Fall Apart interposes Western linguistic forms and literary traditions with Igbo words and phrases, proverbs, fables, tales, and other elements of African oral and communal storytelling traditions in order to record and preserve African oral traditions as well as to subvert the colonialist language and culture. After the Christian missionaries arrive in Umuofia, they immediately begin to evangelize the locals. Finally, always keep the overall effect in mind. This era brought forth an array of new and exciting types of art, plays, and etcetera dealing in entertainment.
Okonkwo becomes a symbol of the last traditional African, the British represent the inevitability of modernity and eastern Nigeria becomes the set for a clash between traditional Africa and modern Europe. This chapter shows the more emotional side of Okonkwo, contrasting the hardened, violent man first introduced. In demonstrating the imaginative, often formal language of the Igbo, Achebe emphasizes that Africa is not the silent or incomprehensible continent that books such as Heart of Darkness made it out to be. In this novel, a man's ability to grow yams and provide for his family is directly tied to his manhood and how others view him as a man. Okonkwo sees the animal-based stories, such as the story of Mosquito and Ear, as symbols of femininity. Did you notice any patterns? Foreshadowing We can also see Achebe's use of foreshadowing when we look at Okonkwo's death.
In Dorothy Seyler's Read, Reason, Write, she states:? A persuasive literary essay immediately establishes its writer as a knowledgeable, authoritative figure. Things Fall Apart has many symbols. All of these literary devices work together to add depth and further meaning to the novel. The meaning of each can be readily grasped from context, but Achebe also included a glossary of Igbo words at the end of the novel. In first-person point of view, the narrator involves him or herself in the story.
However, this is not important. What book are you discussing? Connections Nwoye: As expected, Nwoye is hit hard by Ikemefuna's death, and the knowledge that it was his father who killed him seems to make the wound hurt all the more. It actually sounds pretty amateurish. The distance of this perspective choice, combined with the use of past tense narration, creates a narrative style that mirrors a folktale or parable. The first half of the novel introduces us to traditional Igbo society, its religion, traditions, laws, rituals and other social practices.
We also saw the introduction of Elizabethan staging and Shakespearean language which was new to the people in Europe because he wrote for the actors and not the readers and it was complex. We made a connection from the first chapter when Okonkwo discusses his father. As his fame and popularity increased, Okonkwo pursued his ideal of masculinity. Marginalization usually consists of white people being the focus of canonical texts, while other cultures are usually focused on less. Every literary essay expects you to read and analyze the work, so search for evidence in the text. His particular style of writing, using specific detail of everyday things, brings the characters to life; it creates a depth and complexity to the characters that makes the tribe into a realistic civilization.
Achebe's narration makes a subtle commentary on this theme through blending western and non-western language and allusions. Okonkwo's machete represents strength and force. Diction and syntax often contribute to the tone of a work. Nwoye looks back on this period fondly. His alpha male persona ended up causing him pain.
Okonkwo does not want traditions and beliefs to change in the village at the hand of the missionaries. The use of Igbo reminds the reader that certain concepts are unique to this culture and are not fully translatable. Okonkwo: Chapter 8 picks up right after Ikemefuna is killed. Language as a Sign of Cultural Difference Language is an important theme in Things Fall Apart on several levels. Taken as a whole, the novel appears to be much more than the sum of its parts: syntax, diction, figurative language, imagery, repetition, and symbols. Remember that the narrator and the author are not the same thing! Write a paragraph responding to this prompt: Does this proverb have universal meaning, or does it only make a statement about the Igbo society in which it originated? Good afternoon Mr Wilson and fellow classmates.
You can either go subject by subject or point by point. The speech uses several literary techniques to engage the listener. The expression suggests that proverbs can sometimes be easier to say, to understand, or to remember than direct statements, and they are a much-appreciated addition to conversation. But over time, the missionaries became increasingly aggressive—even hostile—to the native Umuofian beliefs and culture. He will do anything that will not make appear weak or vulnerable. One method they used to captivate the tribesmen was to sing hymns.
Men's stories should be masculine, and to him, masculine stories are stories of war and violence. For more on the parts of literary works, see the at the end of this section. Beware of the two killer words in literary analysis: interesting and important. And pluck at Umuofian hearts the missionaries did. You could even say a people stripped of its culture is a people stripped of its soul.