Section 47: Shelters, rest-room and lunch room:- In every factory where more than 150 workers are employed, adequate and suitable shelters or rest-room and lunch rooms should be provided with facility of drinking water. Specific Responsibility of the occupier in relation to Hazardous Process. Section 14: Dust and Fumes are required to be prevented by suitable measures to give off any dust or fumes likely to be injurious to the workers. This Act was basically designed to protect children and to provide few measures for health and safety of the workers. Striking gear and devices for cutting off power: In every factory, suitable striking gear or other efficient mechanical appliances must be provided and maintained and used to move driving belts to and from fast and loose pulleys which form part of the transmission machinery. Section 24: This section provides provision of striking gear and devices for cutting off power in case of emergency. Hours of work to correspond with notice under section 72 and register under section 73.
In calculating the urinal accommodation required under the Rule may odd number of workers less than 50 or 800, as the case may be, shall be reckoned as 50 or 100. Ø Where painting or varnishing is not required, be kept white washed or color washed, and the white washing or color washing shall be carried out at least once in every period of 14 months. Cleanliness of the factory premises Under section 11 every factory shall be kept clean and free from effluvia arising from any drain, privy or other nuisance. Workers' participation in safety management. Section 14: This section details on the proper exhaustion of dust and fume in the Factory.
The licensing, development, training, marketing and financial aspects in respect of these units are looked after by different govt. In this regard, he can specify the measures which in his opinion should be adopted. That every factory should make effective arrangements for the treatment of wastes and effluents due to the manufacturing process carried on therein, so as to render them innocuous and for their disposal. Hazardous operations : If the Government is satisfied that any operation in a factory exposes any persons employed upon it to a serious risk of bodily injury, poisoning or disease, it may make rules applicable to any factory or class of factories in which the operation is carried on— a specifying the operation and declaring it to be hazardous, b prohibiting or restricting the employment of women, adolescents or children upon the operation, c providing for the medical examination of persons employed or seeking to be employed upon the operation and prohibiting the employment of persons not certified as fit for such employment, and d providing for the protection of all persons employed upon the operation or in the vicinity of the places where it is carried on. Further no woman or young person shall be allowed to clean or lubricate any prime mover or transmission machinery. This includes that there should be no accumulation of dirt and refuse and should be removed daily and entire area should be kept clean. It was held that owner can nominate any person tobe in ultimate control over the affairs of a factory.
Facilities for storing and drying clothing Sec. Therefore, the Factories Act, 1948 consolidating and amending the law relating to labour in factories, was passed by the Constituent Assembly on August 28, 1948. Section 12: This section specifies on disposal of wastes and effluents. Section 36: As per this section it is provided that no worker shall be forced to enter any chamber, tank, vat, pit, pipe, flue or other confined space in any factory in which any gas, fume, vapour or dust is likely to be present to such an extent as to involve risk to persons being overcome thereby. State Government is obliged to see that all the factories are registered and take a licensing for working, which should be periodically renewed.
Section 33 requires that in every factory every fixed vessel, sump, tank, pit or opening in the ground or in a floor which, by reason of its depth, situation, construction, or contents is or may be source of danger shall be either securely covered or securely fence. Section 17: Lighting should be provided in a suitable manner, by natural or artificial methods or by both. Provisions relating to Offences and Penalties under the Factories Act, 1948 for contravention of laws relating to safety and health of the workers? As in that drinking water point should not be within 6 meters range of any washing place, urinal, latrine, spittoon, open drainage carrying effluents. This law was applicable to only those factories, which employed 100 or more workers. It was held in this case that the requirement of obtaining sanction to prosecute is mandatory and taking cognizance of an offence in the absence of sanction cannot be allowed to stand and has to be quashed.
Compulsory provisions are thus incorporated in the Factories Act, 1948 with respect to the health, safety and welfare of workers engaged in the manufacturing process. In the previous lesson you have studied the nature and characteristics of factories. These should be easily accessible to workers and must be kept cleaned. Section 19: This section provides details relating to urinals and latrine construction at factories. In addition to this a factory where there are more than 250 workers provisions for cooling drinking water during hot temperature should be made. Its recommendations shall be however of advisory nature The Committee shall have a chairman and two members.
It is injurious to the health of workers employed in such manufacturing process. Occupational Safety and Health Laws in Pakistan Do you know about your health and safety laws at workplace in Pakistan? State Government may specify maximum amount of weight to be carried by workers. In every part of the factory where workers are working or passing should be well equipped with lighting arrangement either by natural sources or artificial sources. Provided that where the offence consists of disobeying a written order made by an Inspector, complaint thereof may be made within six months of the date on which the offence is alleged to have been committed. In this the humidity level of air in factories are artificially increased as per the provision prescribed by the State Government. Section 45: This section specifies that in every factory there should be proper maintained and well equipped first aid box or cupboard with the prescribed contents.
Rules in this regard may be prescribed by the central government as well. . The workers who live in crowded areas have inadequate facilities for washing at their homes, and bathing facilities add to their comfort, health and efficiency. Measures should be taken to prevent inhalation and accumulation of such injurious dust and fumes by providing exhaust appliances. To maintain all places of work in the factory in a condition that is safe and without risks to health and to provide and maintain such means of access to, and egress from, such places as are safe and without such risks. It is also recommended that there should be better interaction between Factory Inspectors and Safety Officers through discussions on the ways and means for improving the safety, health and working conditions in their factories.
Disposal of wastes and effluents. Section 38: As per this section there should be proper precautionary measures built for fire. However an alternative provision is also made under sub-section 2 that if, by the very nature of operations carried out in a factory, it is not practicably possible for the employer to comply with the requirements of sub-section 1 above, the State Government may, by order, exempt such factory or part of the factory, from all or any of the provision of sub-section 1 and specify alternative methods for keeping the factory in a clean state. Similarly, section 33-M authorizes the provincial government to make rules prohibiting the employment of children above the age of fourteen to any specified class of factories or to any specified parts thereof. The Factories Act, 1948, has been promulgated primarily to provide safety measures and to promote the health and welfare of the workers employed in factories. Such first-aid box shall be kept in the charge of a responsible person who is trained in first-aid treatment and who shall be available during the working hours of the factory. Section 48: Creches:- It is provided that in every factory where more than 30 women workers are ordinarily employed, there shall be provided a suitable room for the use of children under the age of 6 years of such women.
In accordance with the provision of this convention, article 23-C 1 of Mines Act prohibits the employment of women in any underground mine. First-aid appliances: First-aid boxes or cupboards equipped with the required contents should be provided for workers in every factory. The rooms should be adequately lighted and ventilated, shall be maintained in a clean and sanitary condition and shall be under the charge of women trained in the care of children and infants. The spittoons should be clean regularly. This act was drafted in the light of the recommendations of the Royal Commission on Labour. A notice containing this provision and the penalty for its violation shall be prominently displayed at suitable places in the factory premises. To ensure that interior walls and roofs, etc.