And we expect to find a solution for the water problem on the Island, as these plans are applied across Jeju Island, and to achieve a good engineering and scientific result. The situation is quite grim. The geographical setting of the region, high intensity rainfall, easily erodible geographical formations aggravates the floods situation. The analysis shows an alarming situation in terms of climate change of Guwahati city in particular and the neighboring areas in general. On the availability of safe drinking water, 78% of the villages are under the risk of water contamination at source with only 22% reporting little or no risk of water contamination.
The water is the vital ingredients for the survival of human being but sometimes it may cause woe to the human life not due to insufficient water but due to abundant water which in turn causes the natural disaster called as flood. Certificate Physical and Human Geography - Goh Cheng Leong 9. High rate of population growth in the form of high birth rate and immigration from border countries has led to unscientific encroachment. The flood hazard layer is uploaded for detailed viewing in. First and foremost, Assam lies in the heart of Monsoon belt and so gets an overabundance of rain. The problem caused by water may broadly be catagorised into two major groups' viz. Besides the natural calamities, harmful human activities like deforestation, accelerated rated of land use, filling up low lying areas of for the construction of buildings and reckless urban developments are also responsible for floods in Assam.
A significant feature of the flooding rivers in Assam is the excessive loads of sediment carried by them and this was triggered by the earth quake of 1950. The districts are Bongaigaon, Chirang, Dhemaji, Golaghat, Jorhat, Kamrup, Karimganj, Lakhimpur, Morigaon, Nagaon, Sivasagar and Tinsukia. In 1972, the year the town witnessed a severe flood, he built this house on a plot of over an acre. What are the major causes of flood and soil erosion? During the monsoon season June—October , floods are a common occurrence in India. Dredging is the last hope for the people of Assam. Around 200,000 hectares 490,000 acres of farming land was affected by the floods.
Two nearby embankments were also breached, resulting in massive inundation across villages and low-lying areas. Rainwater management in the new paradigm sets a goal in which water management should be performed at the source not by linear means such as the stream and the drainpipe. There is need for setting up of immediate and continuous medical camps in affected areas. There is an increasing awareness to incorporate inclusive, participatory, and gender-sensitive strategies for implementation of response programmes. It is also observed that 17 out of 34 districts in Assam are severely flood affected. Malaria, Cholera and other disease appear causing a heavy loss of life.
Construction of check dams all along the course of river, creation of more reservoirs and dams, establishment of river valley projects etc. What has the Centre given to Assam to tackle floods? Floods in Assam cause huge destruction and irreparable loss to the state's economy which is largely agrarian. Today, thanks to innovative science, there are several low-cost water filtration and purification technologies available, which people can deploy in times of floods. The 2900 km long river and its numerous tributaries such as, Subansiri, Manas, Gadadhar, Sonkosh, Dhansiri, Kopili, Krishnai etc. This paper presents the case study on the losses in terms of livestock, human lives and that in terms of property that have taken place in Dhakuakhana area of Assam. Similar conditions were also reported from other affected districts of Assam as observed by our assessment teams as well as through SitReps, print and electronic media. In this case, it is Arunachal Pradesh and Assam.
Nearly 60 animals, mostly deer and wild boars, perished in the floods. No safe and private facilities were made available for women and girls. The floods have affected the and the , a. Ironically, their father Indreswar Tamuli himself was uprooted by a flood in another corner of the town. Analysis of the sector on food security and livelihood has shown that 56% of the affected people have food availability for less than a week and 34% of the people have reported availability of food for a period of 1-3 weeks. The state of Assam is frequently ravaged by the fury of mighty Brahmaputra and its tributaries causing untold human misery and devastation of indescribable nature. As of 1 August 2016 , 28 people had been killed as a result of the flooding starting 17 July, according to a report by the State Disaster Management Authority.
It also takes away the nutrient rich top soil, even after the flood waters recede it leaves behind a many Problem for the health as well as civic authorities. The floods have affected more than 1. Assam is situated at the easternmost part of India. Article shared by The flood in Assam is such a regular feature that today hardly anyone takes a serious note of it. The History of Assam - Priyam Goswami 5.
The human misery and economic hardships that accompany flood is unfathomable. In the Dhubri district alone, more than 400 villages are now almost impossible to reach making it difficult to send aid to the suffering civilians. Indian Economy: For Civil Services Examinations - Ramesh Singh 4. These floods caused by long and heavy spells of rain and causes very severe loss of lies and property and shamble the economy of the state. What is National Flood Control Programme? This will work best when local people are made stakeholders in finding localized solutions based on local topography. Today, thanks to innovative science, there are several low-cost water filtration and purification technologies available, which people can deploy in times of floods.
The starting point of this new paradigm is that the disasters are local problems. This figure is calculated on an average between 1953 and 2016 for which data is available, with a rider by the Central Water Commission that the figures between 2013 and 2016 are provisional. India's Struggle for Independence - Bipan Chandra 2. Natural causes:Geology and Geomorphology of the region i Physiographic condition in the valley ii Seismic activity iii Excessive rainfall Man-made causes: i Drainage congestion due to man-made embankments ii Human encroachment of riverine areas iii The narrow and elongated U-shaped valley opens itself wider towards the Bay of Bengal for monsoon flow. Flood hazard maps were prepared by carrying out a spatial analysis of simulated inundation depth and velocity. Nevertheless, flood has some beneficial effects as well. For cleaning the Ganga, Rs 20,000 crore is earmarked for five years.