In all Cases affecting Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, and those in which a State shall be Party, the supreme Court shall have original. The Congress may determine the Time of the Electors, and the Day on which they shall give their Votes; which Day shall be the same throughout the United States. Killian of the Library of Congress in 1994, provided the original text of each clause of the Constitution with an accompanying explanation of its meaning and how that meaning changed over time. No person shall be elected to the office of the President more than twice, and no person who has held the office of President, or acted as President, for more than two years of a term to which some other person was elected President shall be elected to the office of the President more than once. The Judicial power of the United States shall not be construed to extend to any suit in law or equity, commenced or prosecuted against one of the United States by Citizens of another State, or by Citizens or Subjects of any Foreign State.
The transportation or importation into any State, Territory, or possession of the United States for delivery or use therein of intoxicating liquors, in violation of the laws thereof, is hereby prohibited. Pending since June 2, 1924 Would have prohibited deprivation of by the federal or state governments on account of sex. And deputy from Virginia New Hampshire John Langdon Nicholas Gilman Massachusetts Nathaniel Gorham Rufus King Connecticut Wm. The Seats of the Senators of the first Class shall be vacated at the Expiration of the second Year, of the second Class at the Expiration of the fourth Year, and of the third Class at the Expiration of the sixth Year, so that one third may be chosen every second Year; and if Vacancies happen by Resignation, or otherwise, during the Recess of the Legislature of any State, the Executive thereof may make temporary Appointments until the next Meeting of the Legislature, which shall then fill such Vacancies. In 1992, 203 years after it was proposed, Article 2 was ratified as the 27th Amendment to the Constitution. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
And the Congress may by general Laws prescribe the Manner in which such Acts, Records and Proceedings shall be proved, and the Effect thereof. Punishment may be declared cruel and unusual if it is out of all proportion to the offense. In addition, a portion of the 12th amendment was superseded by section 3. This project is sponsored by a generous grant from the John Templeton Foundation. So why are men payed more? No person shall be a Senator or Representative in Congress, or elector of President and Vice-President, or hold any office, civil or military, under the United States, or under any State, who, having previously taken an oath, as a member of Congress, or as an officer of the United States, or as a member of any State legislature, or as an executive or judicial officer of any State, to support the Constitution of the United States, shall have engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to the enemies thereof. The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people. Bill of Rights The Preamble to The Bill of Rights Congress of the United States begun and held at the City of New-York, on Wednesday the fourth of March, one thousand seven hundred and eighty nine.
No Senator or Representative shall, during the Time for which he was elected, be appointed to any civil Office under the Authority of the United States, which shall have been created, or the Emoluments whereof shall have been encreased during such time; and no Person holding any Office under the United States, shall be a Member of either House during his Continuance in Office. Thereupon Congress shall decide the issue, assembling within forty-eight hours for that purpose if not in session. The primary purpose of the Amendment was to preserve the historic line separating the jury, which decides the facts, from the judge, who applies the law. After one year from the ratification of this article the manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors within, the importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the United States and all territory subject to the thereof for beverage purposes is hereby prohibited. Those 10 amendments establish the most basic freedoms for Americans including the rights to worship how they want, speak how they want, and assembly and peaceably protest their government how they want.
Archived from on May 9, 2008. The principal author of the Bill of Rights, however, was James Madison. Done in Convention by the Unanimous Consent of the States present the Seventeenth Day of September in the Year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and Eighty seven and of the Independence of the United States of America the Twelfth In Witness whereof We have hereunto subscribed our Names, G o. The eighteenth article of amendment to the Constitution of the United States is hereby repealed. No Senator or Representative shall, during the Time for which he was elected, be appointed to any civil Office under the Authority of the United States which shall have been created, or the whereof shall have been increased during such time; and no Person holding any Office under the United States, shall be a Member of either House during his Continuance in Office. The Privilege of the Writ of Habeas Corpus shall not be suspended, unless when in Cases of Rebellion or Invasion the public Safety may require it.
States are protected from suits by citizens living in another state or foreigners that do not reside within the state borders. Representatives shall be among the several States according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons in each State, excluding Indians not taxed. It applies only to Federal cases, of course, and it may be waived. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987. State shall, without the Consent of Congress, lay any duty of Tonnage, keep Troops, or Ships of War in time of Peace, enter into any Agreement or Compact with another State, or with a foreign Power, or engage in War, unless actually invaded, or in such imminent Danger as will not admit of delay. The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people. The Senate shall their other Officers, and also a President , in the absence of the Vice President, or when he shall exercise the Office of President of the United States.
But Congress may by a vote of two-thirds of each House, remove such disability. The fifth article of the U. The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several States, and without regard to any census or enumeration. In addition, no person may be tried twice for the same offense. If one has a right not to be a witness against oneself in a criminal case, one has the duty not to pretend that he would be incriminated if he should testify: that is, to be an honest and candid witness, not taking advantage of the self-incrimination exemption unless otherwise one would really be in danger of successful prosecution. Note: Article I, section 4, of the Constitution was modified by section 2 of this amendment. The Congress shall have power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article.
Of these, the Senate approved 12, which were sent to the states for approval in August 1789. Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted. When vacancies happen in the representation of any State in the Senate, the executive authority of such State shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies: Provided, That the legislature of any State may empower the executive thereof to make temporary appointments until the people fill the vacancies by election as the legislature may direct. The Congress shall have the power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article. Clearly, these counterexamples are proof that your amendment would not be practical. The Bill of Rights was strongly influenced by the Virginia Declaration of Rights, written by. During the nineteenth century, at least, State governments would have been free to establish State churches, had they desired to do so.