Essentially, topic sentences will state the main idea of your paragraphs and give your readers a sense of direction for the paragraphs. With that being said, constructing a good topic sentence is crucial in communicating clearly and concisely to an audience. I thought I had, very suavely, ordered for dessert fragoline—those lovely little wild strawberries. Rice should be cooked in a special pot. I am not talking about writing or printing.
How do I decide what to put in a paragraph? Body: follows the introduction; discusses the controlling idea, using facts, arguments, analysis, examples, and other information. Topic sentences can go anywhere in a paragraph beginning, middle, or end ; however, topic sentences are most often the first or second sentence of a paragraph. Chocolate also contains a cannaboid which, when consumed in very large quantities, can lead to altered states of consciousness. Regardless of the kind of information they contain, all paragraphs share certain characteristics. Suppose that we wanted to start the piranha paragraph with a transition sentence—something that reminds the reader of what happened in the previous paragraph—rather than with the topic sentence.
Example: Rice plays an important part in some ceremonies. Exercise 2: Directions: Underline the controlling idea in these topic sentences. Look at these explanations for the two examples in the slave spirituals paragraph: Model explanation for example A— When slaves sang this song, they could have been speaking of their departure from this life and their arrival in heaven; however, they also could h ave been describing their plans to leave the South and run, not to Jesus, but to the North. Potatoes are good for you. Draw a line from the topic to a box.
If a paragraph is coherent, each sentence flows smoothly into the next without obvious shifts or jumps. In some, the topic sentence appears in the middle or at the end. Draw three additional lines connecting the three boxes to a single box at the bottom of your paper. Paragraphs can contain many different kinds of information. For example Victoria is a wonderful city to visit because it has an ideal location, beautiful gardens, and interesting things to do. For them, salt is nothing less than a miracle worker in processed foods.
Or they can bring happenings of long ago and far away as colored motion pictures, by arranging silver atoms and color-absorbing molecules to force light waves into the patterns of original reality. The organization you choose will depend on the controlling idea of the paragraph. First of all, it tells very little about what you are going to talk about. The hidden meanings in spirituals allowed slaves to sing what they could not say. Of course there are many other controlling ideas one could have about the topic of drinking alcohol, for example: that it is hazardous to health. Chewing gum is made from plastic and rubber. If you think of the topic of a selection as a subject, then the controlling main or central idea of that selection is the most important thing said about the subject or topic.
It lets the reader know what to expect, and it gives a definite focus to the entire composition. The significant insight the mistake provided—arriving mere microseconds after the laughter of those kids, who for some reason still bring up the occasion, often—was about the arbitrary nature of language: the single 'r' rolled right makes one a master of the trattoria, an 'r' unrolled the family fool. Thesis-Proof: Proves a point and suggests or implies its significance. Carefully worded and restricted, it helps you generate and control your information. A number of South American groups eat piranhas. Draw three lines from the box to three smaller boxes.
Revised paragraph Although most people consider piranhas to be quite dangerous, they are, for the most part, entirely harmless. There are many techniques for brainstorming; whichever one you choose, this stage of paragraph development cannot be skipped. In addition, repeating a pattern in a series of consecutive sentences helps your reader see the connections between ideas. But they had to be fine, healthy animals. There are many different ways to organize a paragraph. The controlling idea is either an opinion that needs to be proven or an idea that leads to a list of things that need to be developed.
Someone may think that Montana or Tennessee has more beautiful mountains. The writer has a positive feeling about Victoria and shows this by the use of positive adjectives: wonderful, beautiful, interesting. This move was designed to fend off Marxist agitation—and to do so on the cheap, since few Germans survived to that ripe old age. You can see this structure in paragraphs whether they are narrating, describing, comparing, contrasting, or analyzing information. Consistency in point of view, verb tense, and number is a subtle but important aspect of coherence. While the topic tells readers what your paragraph is going to be about, the controlling idea tells readers what you want to say about your topic. There are also many practice exercises and quizzes online like grammar-quizzes.
In reality, though, the unity and coherence of ideas among sentences is what constitutes a paragraph. You are probably familiar with the idea that transitions may be needed between paragraphs or sections in a paper see our handout on this subject. The statement should reassert your position but sound distinct from your controlling idea statement. It shows what the paragraph is about while the controlling idea indicates how the writer will develop that topic idea. These important sentences function to state your point for the paragraph and often imply or state the relationship that exists between that paragraph and the thesis of the paper. Piranhas rarely feed on large animals; they eat smaller fish and aquatic plants. For guidance on formatting citations, please see the.